What muscles control the movement of the eyes during convergence?

Convergence occurs by stimulation of the medial rectus muscle of both eyes (third cranial [oculomotor] nerve) while simultaneously relaxing the lateral recti (sixth cranial [abducens] nerve). More than just simple eye movements occur with convergence.

What eye movements are associated with the extrinsic muscles?

These muscles are responsible for movements of the eye along three different axes: horizontal, either toward the nose (adduction) or away from the nose (abduction); vertical, either elevation or depression; and torsional, movements that bring the top of the eye toward the nose (intorsion) or away from the nose ( …

Which extrinsic eye muscle elevates the eye and moves it laterally?

Lateral rectus muscle This muscle is what allows the eye to move outward. Movement for the lateral rectus muscle is made possible by the abducens nerve.

Which eye muscles are responsible for moving the eyes to the right?

Two extraocular muscles, the medial rectus and lateral rectus, work together to control horizontal eye movements (Figure 8.1, left). Contraction of the medial rectus pulls the eye towards the nose (adduction or medial movement).

What is convergence of the eyes?

Your brain controls all your eye movements. When you look at a nearby object, your eyes move inward to focus on it. This coordinated movement is called convergence. It helps you do close work like reading or using a phone.

What are the 4 extrinsic eye muscles?

The 4 extraocular muscles that control eye movement in the cardinal directions (along with their functions) are the superior rectus, inferior rectus, lateral rectus and medial rectus muscles.

What do extrinsic muscles do?

The extrinsic muscles of the back are those muscles which are superficial and are responsible for movements at the shoulder and upper limb. These are different to the intrinsic muscles of the back which are deep, and which are responsible for controlling posture and movement of the spine and head.

How many extrinsic eye muscles are responsible for moving the eye quizlet?

The inferior rectus muscle is located within the orbit (eye socket). It is one of six muscles that control the movements of the eye.

Which extrinsic eye muscle is predominantly responsible for turning the eye down and laterally and which cranial nerve mediates this action?


How many extrinsic eye muscles are there for moving each eye?

EXTRAOCULAR MUSCLES: There are six muscles that attach to the eye to move it. These muscles originate in the eye socket (orbit) and work to move the eye up, down, side to side, and rotate the eye.

How do you assess eye convergence?

Measure the near point of convergence (NPC). The examiner holds a small target, such as a printed card or penlight, in front of you and slowly moves it closer to you until either you have double vision or the examiner sees an eye drift outward.

What are the components of convergence?

There are four inputs, or stimulus components, to the vergence system that summate nonlinearly to produce the aggregate response: disparity (fusional) vergence due to retinal disparity, accommodative vergence due to retinal blur, proximal vergence due to apparent target nearness, and tonic vergence due to baseline …

What’s the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic muscles?

Answer and Explanation: Intrinsic muscles are a group of muscles that are located deep within structures or are nearest the axial and appendicular skeleton. In contrast, extrinsic muscles are not located deeply but instead are situated superficially.

How many extrinsic muscles of the eye are there?

What is the difference between extrinsic eye muscles and intrinsic eye muscles?

The intrinsic muscles, which are involuntary, are situated inside the eyeball and comprise the ciliary muscle (see ciliary body) and the iris. The extrinsic muscles, which comprise three pairs of voluntary muscles, are inserted on the sclera (outer surface) of the eyeball and control its movements.

Which extrinsic eye muscles acts to move the eye both superiorly and laterally quizlet?

The lateral rectus muscle is responsible for lateral movement of the eyeball, specifically abduction. Two of those muscles, the superior and inferior rectus, move the eye up and down when the eye is rotated away from the nose.

Which cranial nerve does not control extrinsic eye eye movement muscles?

Which of the following cranial nerves does not innervate extrinsic eye muscles? (e) Trigeminal.

What is the function of extrinsic eye muscles?

Lateral Rectus This extraocular muscle helps move the pupil away from the body’s midline. It’s also responsible for the horizontal movement, similar to the medial rectus muscle. The difference, however, is that the lateral rectus is responsible for abduction while the latter controls movement toward the body’s midline.

What muscles are used to move the eyeball?

The superior oblique rotates the eye inward around the long axis of the eye (front to back). The superior oblique also moves the eye downward. The inferior oblique is an extraocular muscle that arises in the front of the orbit near the nose.

Which muscle is not an extrinsic eye muscle?

The c) ciliary is not an extrinsic muscle of the eye. The six muscles that control the movement of the eye include the lateral rectus, medial rectus,…

What is convergence in eyes?

What are the extrinsic muscles of the eye?

In addition to the six main extraocular muscles, the eye has another extrinsic muscle called the levator palpebrae superioris. This muscle is the single muscle responsible for elevating the upper eyelid and keeping it in position. This muscle originates from the sphenoid bone in the eye’s orbital structure.

What are reflexes in the eye?

Reflex are involuntary responses that are usually associated with protective or regulatory functions. They require a receptor, afferent neuron, efferent neuron, and effector to achieve a desired effect. In this article, we will cover a variety of reflexes involving the eye and their ophthalmologic considerations.

What is the efferent pathway for convergence in oculomotor complex?

Efferent pathway for convergence: Efferent fibers from the medial rectus subnucleus of the oculomotor complex in the midbrain innervate the bilateral medial rectus muscles to cause convergence.

What is the role of the ciliary muscle in lens convergence?

Contraction of the ciliary muscle allows the lens zonular fibers to relax and the lens to become more round, increasing its refractive power. Efferent pathway for convergence: Efferent fibers from the medial rectus subnucleus of the oculomotor complex in the midbrain innervate the bilateral medial rectus muscles to cause convergence.