What is the main role of the judicial branch of government quizlet?

The main function of the judicial branch is to interpret laws and punish lawbreakers.

What does the judicial branch?

The judicial branch is in charge of deciding the meaning of laws, how to apply them to real situations, and whether a law breaks the rules of the Constitution. The Constitution is the highest law of our Nation. The U.S. Supreme Court, the highest court in the United States, is part of the judicial branch.

What is the most important power of the judicial branch?

judicial review
The best-known power of the Supreme Court is judicial review, or the ability of the Court to declare a Legislative or Executive act in violation of the Constitution, is not found within the text of the Constitution itself. The Court established this doctrine in the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803).

Why is the judicial branch the most important?

The Power of the Courts The federal courts’ most important power is that of judicial review, the authority to interpret the Constitution. When federal judges rule that laws or government actions violate the spirit of the Constitution, they profoundly shape public policy.

What is the judicial branch?

The judicial branch is one part of the U.S. government. The judicial branch is called the court system. There are different levels of courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. The courts review laws.

What is the judicial branch of government?

Judicial—Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and other courts)

What was the original purpose of the judicial branch?

Judicial Review In this case, the Court had to decide whether an Act of Congress or the Constitution was the supreme law of the land. The Judiciary Act of 1789 gave the Supreme Court original jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus (legal orders compelling government officials to act in accordance with the law).

What are the 3 main functions of the judicial branch?

Legislative. The Georgia General Assembly is made up of the Georgia Senate and the Georgia House of Representatives.

  • Executive. Georgia’s main executive official and head of state is the governor.
  • Judicial. Georgia’s judicial branch interprets our state laws and administers justice through our legal system.
  • What are the duties and responsibilities of the judicial branch?

    A guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life,liberty,or property without the due process of law

  • Protection against being tried for the same crime twice (“double jeopardy”)
  • The right to a speedy trial by an impartial jury
  • The right to cross-examine witnesses,and to call witnesses to support their case
  • The right to legal representation
  • What is the judicial branch of government responsible for?

    The term “judicial branch” refers to the branch of the U.S. government responsible for interpreting and applying existing laws to the cases that come before it. For example, the judicial branch decides everything from criminal and civil cases and applies the laws of the jurisdiction, as well as the Constitution to them. The most important arm of this important branch is the United States Supreme Court.

    What is the commonly stated function of the judicial branch?


  • Charging.
  • Initial Hearing/Arraignment.
  • Discovery.
  • Plea Bargaining.
  • Preliminary Hearing.
  • Pre-Trial Motions.
  • Trial.