What is motor control in physiotherapy?
The term motor control refers to the ways in which the human body controls movement. This is theorised to be a multifactoral process including input, output and central processing (i.e. what the body responds to, what it does and how it processes data).
Why should physical therapists study motor control?
Motor control has enormous potential for developing our understanding of the assessment, treatment, and management of the patients in our care. However, a significant amount of work is required to develop our understanding at the conceptual level to inform further research and implementation in clinical practice.
What is the motor control theory?
Motor Control Theories include the production of reflexive, automatic, adaptive, and voluntary movements and the performance of efficient, coordinated, goal-directed movement patterns which involve multiple body systems (input, output, and central processing) and multiple levels within the nervous system.
What is motor learning frame of reference in occupational therapy?
Acquiring motor skill is a process that requires practices, feedback, and involvement of the learner. This frame of reference employs several principles from learning theory. It focuses on the child’s ability, characteristics of the task, skills required, environment, and regulatory conditions.
What is motor control in occupational therapy?
Motor control means the ability to use your muscles for a particular task, like swinging a bat or moving a toothbrush across your teeth. Fine motor control requires small and precise movements, such as those necessary to write with a pencil or fasten a button.
What are some examples of motor control?
An example of fine motor control is picking up a small item with the index finger (pointer finger or forefinger) and thumb. The opposite of fine motor control is gross (large, general) motor control. An example of gross motor control is waving an arm in greeting.
How can motor control theory be used in physical therapy?
Interventions:Motor-control theory, including factors related to the task, the environment, and the individual, was used to guide and direct physical therapy management related to the patient goal of safely and effectively climbing the ladder to the playground slide.
What do we know about motor control?
The organization and production of movement is a complex problem, so the study of motor control has been approached from a wide range of disciplines, including psychology, cognitive science, biomechanics and neuroscience.
What is the integrated systems-based theory of motor control?
By systematically applying an integrated systems-based theory of motor control, we were able to base clinical decisions within the physical therapist management of a child with cerebral palsy on contemporary theory and practice. Notes Kenyon LK, Blackinton MT.
Why study motor learning and control?
The the study of motor learning and control plays an integral role in both the performance and rehabilitation of these skills. eg in stroke or total knee arthroplasty rehabilitation. According to Roller et al (2012) the production and control of human movement