What is IPDE defensive driving formula?
I—Identify—Locate potential hazards within the driving scene. P—Predict—Judge where the possible points of conflict may occur. D—Decide—Determine what action to take, when, and where to take it. E—Execute—Act by maneuvering the car to avoid conflicts.
What is an open zone drivers ed?
An open zone is space where you can drive without a restriction to your line of sight or to your intended path of travel.
What can block your line of sight?
Your line of sight is the visible path of travel from your vehicle to the target area. This line can be blocked by a curve, the crest of a hill, a wooded area, a large truck, etc.
What happens if you lock the brakes when braking suddenly?
If you lock the brakes when braking suddenly, you lose steering ability. Communication with others to reduce risk in a possible conflict situation involves making sure others see you. When braking in an emergency stop, you should avoid locking the brakes.
What does D stand for in Sipde?
Scan, Identify, Predict, Decide, Execute (SIPDE)
What is the spider method?
Method/results: A “SPIDER” model is developed that identifies key cognitive processes that are impaired when drivers divert attention from driving. SPIDER is an acronym standing for scanning, predicting, identifying, decision making, and executing a response.
What emotion occurs most in drivers?
ANGER! Anger occurs more often to drivers than any other emotion.
How far should your line of sight be when driving?
For example, if a vehicle is traveling 20 mph, a sight distance of 90 feet is the minimum recommended stopping sight distance.
Is it bad to slam on the brakes?
Slamming on the brakes also damages the brake system. It can overheat the brake pads, causing them to glaze and causing you to lose control of your vehicle when the brake system fails. Slamming on the brakes is also damaging to the brake hoses.
What speed should I drive in rain?
HOW FAST TO GO. According to Defensive Driving, a rule of thumb to follow is to decrease your speed by a third during wet conditions. For example, if you are driving in rainy weather and the speed limit says 70 mph, then your adjusted speed should be 46 to 47 mph.
What is the meaning of a hand signal when the hand and arm is upward?
Hand signal for right turn To signal a right turn, extend your left arm out of the left window and bend it at a 90-degree angle with the hand pointing upwards.
What does Spider mean in driving?
What does S mean in spider?
What are the top 9 driving offenses?
Top 9 Traffic Violations and How to Avoid Them
- SPEEDING. We’re probably all a little guilty of this one.
- RUNNING RED LIGHTS. Running stop signs are also included in this one.
- IMPROPER TURNS.
- SEAT BELTS.
- PASSING IN NO PASSING ZONES.
- DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE.
- RAILROAD CROSSINGS.
What leads to aggressive driving?
Hostile personality and being over competitive are two factors that contribute to being an aggressive driver. People that are egocentric, impulsive, overconfident to handle problems and those with poor problem-solving skills are more prone to aggressive driving.
When encountering an aggressive driver what should you do?
There are two important things to be aware of regarding aggressive drivers:
- Allow plenty of time to reach your destination.
- Do not “cut off” other drivers.
- Do not drive slowly in the left (fast) lane.
- Do not tailgate.
- Do not gesture to other drivers.
- Use your horn for emergencies only.
- Let aggressive drivers pass you.