What does Estado Novo mean?

There have been two regimes known as Estado Novo (meaning “New State”): Estado Novo (Portugal), or Second Republic, the Portuguese authoritarian regime between 1933 and 1974.

What was the Estado Novo regime?

The Estado Novo was one of the longest-surviving authoritarian regimes in Europe in the 20th century. Opposed to communism, socialism, syndicalism, anarchism, liberalism, and anti-colonialism, the regime was conservative, corporatist, and nationalist in nature, defending Portugal’s traditional Catholicism.

What did Salazar do to Portugal?

Salazar supported Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War and played a key role in keeping Portugal and Spain neutral during World War II while still providing aid and assistance to the Allies. Despite being a dictatorship, Portugal under his rule took part in the founding of some international organizations.

What was the Estado Novo in Brazil?

the Estado Novo period (1937–1945), instituted when, in order to perpetuate his rule, Vargas imposed a new, quasi-totalitarian Constitution in a coup d’état and shut down the Legislature, ruling Brazil as a dictator.

What did Vargas do in Brazil?

Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʒeˈtulju doɾˈnɛliz ˈvaɾɡɐs]; 19 April 1882 – 24 August 1954), also known by his initials GV and nicknamed “the Father of the Poor”, was a Brazilian lawyer and politician who served as the 14th and 17th president of Brazil, from 1930 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1954.

When did Portugal stop being communist?

Following several years of turmoil, due to the prolonged war and by the growing unrest caused by the lack of liberties, the regime fell. On 25 April 1974, the Carnation Revolution occurred, putting an end to 48 years of resistance and marking the beginning of a new cycle in the party’s life.

How do you say Happy Freedom Day in Portuguese?

Dia da Liberdade (Freedom Day) – EUROM.

When was the 25th April in Portugal?

25 April 1974
In Portugal, 25 April is a national holiday (Portuguese: Dia da Liberdade, Freedom Day) that commemorates the revolution….

Carnation Revolution
Part of the Portuguese transition to democracy and the Cold War
A crowd celebrates on a Panhard EBR armoured car in Lisbon, 25 April 1974.
Date 25 April 1974
Location Portugal

Did Portugal fight in World War I?

In order to secure international support for its authority in Africa, Portugal entered the war on the side of Britain and the Allies. Its participation was at first limited to naval support. In February 1917, however, Portugal sent its first troops—an expeditionary force of 50,000 men—to the Western Front.

Was there a civil war in Portugal?

The Liberal Wars (Portuguese: Guerras Liberais), also known as the Portuguese Civil War (Guerra Civil Portuguesa), the War of the Two Brothers (Guerra dos Dois Irmãos) or Miguelite War (Guerra Miguelista), was a war between liberal constitutionalists and conservative absolutists in Portugal over royal succession that …

What do we celebrate on April 25?

April 25th also marks Administrative Professionals Day, ANZAC Day, International Guide Dog Day, National Telephone Day, and World Malaria Day.

What does Varga mean?

Varga or Vargha is a Hungarian occupational surname derived from the Hungarian term varga, meaning, ”shoemaker” or “cobbler”. [1] Czech and Slovak female form is Vargová.

Was Vargas elected?

Though he was ousted in 1945 after fifteen years in power, Vargas returned to the presidency democratically after winning the 1950 presidential election.

Will Portugal’s Socialists win the 2019 general election?

^ “Portugal’s Socialists lead election poll, but would not win majority”. Reuters. 31 July 2019. When the Socialists came to power in 2015, they won the parliamentary support of two left wing parties, the Left Bloc and the Communists.

What was the Estado Novo in Portugal?

The Estado Novo, greatly inspired by conservative and autocratic ideologies, was developed by António de Oliveira Salazar, who was President of the Council of Ministers from 1932 until illness forced him out of office in 1968. The Estado Novo was one of the longest-surviving authoritarian regimes in Europe.

Did Gen Franco want to declare war on Portugal?

“Gen Franco wanted to declare war on Portugal”. The Telegraph. Madrid. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 28 April 2015. ^ Scott B. MacDonald (1993). European Destiny, Atlantic Transformations: Portuguese Foreign Policy Under the Second Republic, 1974-1992.