What are palatoglossal arches?

The palatoglossus muscle, also known as musculus palatoglossus, is among the four extrinsic muscles of the tongue and the paired muscles of the soft palate. The right and left palatoglossus muscles create ridges in the lateral pharyngeal wall, referred to as the palatoglossal arches (anterior faucial pillars).

What is contained in Palatoglossal fold?

Palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches It contains the palatoglossus muscle and connects the soft palate with the root of the tongue. The palatopharyngeal arch is found posteriorly and it contains the palatopharyngeus muscle.

What muscle makes up the uvula?

The musculus uvulae muscle derives from the palatine aponeurosis and the posterior nasal spine and attaches to the mucous membrane of the uvula. The musculus uvulae muscle functions to shorten the uvula. Ipsilateral contraction of the musculus uvulae muscle draws up the uvula on the same side.

How thick is the soft palate?

The average soft tissue thickness from shallow, moderate, and deep palatal vault angles was 4.02, 3.75, and 3.43 mm, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found between the groups, but thicker palatal soft tissue was observed in the lower palatal vault angle for all the teeth that were measured.

What muscle protrudes the tongue?

the genioglossus muscle
The primary function of the genioglossus muscle is to protrude the tongue anteriorly and deviate the tongue to the opposite side.

What is the arch in your throat called?

The arches form the pillars of the fauces. The anterior pillar is the palatoglossal arch formed of the palatoglossus muscle. The posterior pillar is the palatopharyngeal arch formed of the palatopharyngeus muscle.

What is behind the palatopharyngeal arch?

The red bumps with white little things on them at the back of the throat (behind the palatopharyngeal arch) are called lymphoid granules. These are lymphoid tissues that are normally present.

What is palatopharyngeal arch?

The palatopharyngeal arch (pharyngopalatine arch, posterior pillar of fauces) is larger and projects farther toward the middle line than the palatoglossal arch; it runs downward, lateralward, and backward to the side of the pharynx, and is formed by the projection of the palatopharyngeal muscle, covered by mucous …

What causes an enlarged uvula?

Poor hydration can be a factor for uvulitis. In fact, some people have reported a swollen uvula after alcohol overindulgence. Viral or bacterial infections. Some people get uvulitis as a symptom of infections like strep throat, tonsillitis, the flu, mononucleosis and the common cold.

Can you live without your uvula?

Your doctor will let you know when you’re fully recovered from uvula removal surgery. Once you are, your mouth should feel pretty normal. But in some moments, your mouth may feel dry or uncomfortable. This can be a side effect of no longer having a uvula.

Can you cut the soft palate?

Sticks, pens, pencils, toys, and straws are common objects that can impale the soft palate. Impalement frequently results in bleeding and may require treatment to prevent infection.

Can the soft palate be removed?

UPPP removes excess tissue from the soft palate and pharynx. Your doctor may also remove the tonsils, adenoids, and all or part of the uvula during this procedure. In some African and Middle Eastern countries, uvulectomy is performed much more often as a ritual in babies.

What is the name of the opening formed by the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches?

The posterior pillar is the palatopharyngeal arch formed of the palatopharyngeus muscle. Between these two arches on the lateral walls of the oropharynx is the tonsillar fossa which is the location of the palatine tonsil. The arches are also known together as the palatine arches….Fauces (throat)

FMA 55006
Anatomical terminology

What is Faucial Arch?

(fo’sez) [L.] The constricted opening leading from the oral cavity to the oropharynx. It is bounded by the soft palate, the base of the tongue, and the palatine arches. The anterior pillars of the fauces are known as the glossopalatine arch, and the posterior pillars as the pharyngopalatine arch.

What is the lump behind tonsil?

Tonsil cysts are noncancerous masses of cells on the tonsils, at the back of the throat. They grow slowly and are generally no cause for concern. Many health conditions that need treating can be similar to tonsil cysts, however. Anyone who notices a growth on their tonsils should contact a doctor.

Why do I have a lump behind my tonsils?

The bumps are caused by enlarged lymphatic tissue in the tonsils and adenoids, which are pockets of tissue in the back of your throat. This tissue often becomes inflamed or irritated in response to extra mucus in the throat. While it can look alarming, cobblestone throat is usually harmless and easy to treat.

What Innervates tensor Palati?

the trigeminal nerve
The tensor veli palatini muscle is innervated by the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve, and the other three are all innervated by the pharyngeal branch of the vagus nerve.

Where is palatopharyngeal?

The palatopharyngeus (palatopharyngeal or pharyngopalatinus) muscle is a small muscle in the roof of the mouth.

How do you pronounce palatopharyngeus?


  1. (Classical) IPA: /pa.laː.to.pʰaˈryn.ɡe.us/, [päɫ̪äːt̪ɔpʰäˈrʏŋɡeʊs̠]
  2. (Ecclesiastical) IPA: /pa.la.to.faˈrin.d͡ʒe.us/, [pälät̪ofäˈrin̠ʲd͡ʒeus]