In which ocean Tonga island is located?
southwestern Pacific Ocean
Tonga, officially Kingdom of Tonga, Tongan Fakatu’i ‘o Tonga, also called Friendly Islands, country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It consists of some 170 islands divided into three main island groups: Tongatapu in the south, Ha’apai in the centre, and Vava’u in the north.
What plate is the Tonga Trench on?
the Pacific Plate
Trench. The eastern boundaries of the Tonga and Kermadec Plates constitute the subduction zone of the Pacific Plate, characterized by a trench about 2,000 km in length. The trench is continuous, but has different names for different sections: Hikurangi Trench, the Kermadec Trench and the Tonga Trench.
What created the Tonga Trench?
Like other deep ocean trenches, the Tonga Trench began to form millions of years ago in a process called subduction, which is when two tectonic plates grind together, forcing one under the other. In this case, the edge of the Pacific plate was forced under the Tonga plate, a process still going on today.
What is the second deepest place on Earth?
Tonga Trench The deepest point in the Tonga trench, known as the Horizon Deep, considered to be the second deepest point on earth after the Challenger Deep and the deepest trench of the Southern Hemisphere.
Where on a map is Tonga island?
The map shows Tonga, an archipelago of more than 170 islands in Polynesia in the South Pacific Ocean, 3700 km (2300 mi) east of Australia. Tonga is a chain of islands located on and along an underwater mountain range, the Tonga-Kermadec Ridge, which extends from the North Island of New Zealand to the Samoan Islands.
Which country is Tonga?
Tonga, officially named the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state, located in Oceania, Tonga is a small archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean.
What is the latitude and longitude of the Tonga Trench?
22.9441° S, 174.7336° WTonga Trench / Coordinates
Is Tonga in the Indian ocean?
Located in Oceania, Tonga is a small archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, directly south of Samoa and about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand.
Has the Tonga Trench been explored?
On June 5, Dallas businessman Victor Vescovo piloted the deep-sea vessel Limiting Factor, a submarine specially designed to explore the deepest depths of the oceans, to the bottom of the Tonga Trench and a place known as Horizon Deep.
Is Tonga near the Mariana Trench?
The deepest point of the Tonga Trench, the Horizon Deep at23.25833°S 174.726667°W, is 10,800 ± 10 m (35,433 ± 33 ft) deep, making it the deepest point in the Southern Hemisphere and the second deepest on Earth after the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench.
Is Tonga in New Zealand?
Located in Oceania, Tonga is an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, directly south of Samoa and about two-thirds of the way from Hawai’i to New Zealand.
What are some interesting facts about the Tonga Trench?
The Tonga Trench is the second-deepest trench in the world, reaching 35,700 feet (about 10,900 meters) at its deepest point. (The Mariana Trench off the coast of Guam is the deepest trench in the world, measured 35,756 feet (10,890 m) at its deepest point.)
Where is the Mariana Trench located?
South Pacific Ocean
deepest place on Earth, located in the South Pacific Ocean at 11,000 meters (36,198 feet) at its deepest. unit of distance for sea or air travel, equal to 1,852 meters (6,076 feet).
Where is Tonga located in relation to Australia?
Destination Tonga, a virtual guide to the Polynesian kingdom formerly known as the Friendly Islands, an archipelago of more than 170 islands in the South Pacific Ocean south east of Fiji, south of Samoa, 2,000 km north east of Auckland, NZ and 3,280 km east of Brisbane, Australia.
Where is Tonga located from New Zealand?
Tonga is about 1,800 km (1,100 mi) from New Zealand’s North Island.
Who first discovered Tonga?
The first Europeans arrived in 1616, when the Dutch explorers Willem Schouten and Jacob Le Maire spotted Tongans in a canoe off the coast of Niuatoputapu, and the famous Abel Tasman followed soon after.
What does the name Tonga mean?
In many Polynesian languages, including Tongan, the word tonga comes from fakatonga, which means “southwards”, and the archipelago is so named because it is the southernmost group among the island groups of central Polynesia.
Has anyone been to the bottom of the Tonga Trench?
Is Philippine Trench and Mariana Trench the same?
The Mariana Trench (also called the Marianas Trench) is the deepest part of the ocean. This trench lies in an area where two of the Earth’s plates (the Pacific Plate and the Philippine Plate) come together. The Pacific plate dives under the Philippine plate, which also partially gets pulled along.
What is the deepest water in the world?
The Pacific Ocean is the world’s deepest ocean and water body, with an average depth of 4,280 meters, and a maximum depth of 10,911 meters. It contains the Earth’s deepest point (Challenger Deep, at 10,928 m) and the Southern Hemisphere’s deepest point (Horizon Deep, at 10,823 m).
Is Tonga under Australia?
The Kingdom of Tonga is a Polynesian country that lies to the south of Samoa, southeast of Fiji and north east of New Zealand. The Tongan archipelago is comprised of 176 islands, 36 of which are inhabited by a population of approximately 106,000.
Where is Tonga in relation to New Zealand map?
New Zealand To Tonga road map Tonga is located nearly east side to New Zealand. The given east direction from New Zealand is only approximate. The given google map shows the direction in which the blue color line indicates road connectivity to Tonga .
Is Tonga under New Zealand?
Tonga is New Zealand’s key defence partner in Polynesia, dating back to World War I, when Tongan citizens served in the Māori and Regular Battalions in the New Zealand Army. More recently, both countries took part in the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI).
What is the most famous ocean trench?
– National Geographic News: Life is Found Thriving at Ocean’s Deepest Point – AGU Geojourneys blog: Geology Word of the Week: A is for Accretionary Wedge – NOAA: How Does Pressure Impact Animals in the Ocean?
Is the Tonga Trench divergent?
The Tonga Plate is facing the Tonga Trench. The Tonga Trench-Arc system is an extension-dominated, non-accretionary convergent margin. Crustal extension in the Miocene Lau-Colville Ridge began at 6 Ma which initiated the opening of the Lau Basin-Havre Trough.
What is the deepest trench in the ocean?
Southern Ocean. Southern Ocean,also called Antarctic Ocean,body of salt water covering approximately one-sixteenth of Earth’s total ocean area.
What are some interesting facts about the Mariana Trench?
Fun Facts About The Mariana Trench. The shape of the trench is crescent or semicircular.