## How do Vector Clocks work?

The vector clock algorithm defines the order between two events whenever inter-process communication creates a causal link between the two events. By tracking the logical clock of each process in the system, we make it possible compare and form a globally consistent snapshot of system state.

**Why do we use Vector Clocks?**

Vector clocks are widely used in large-scale distributed systems to resolve conflicting data. To enhance performance, Dynamo uses optimistic replication. This means that there is a possibility of conflicting data. Vector clocks are used in Dynamo to resolve multiple conflicting values against the same key.

**Is vector clock a logical clock?**

Like Lamport’s Clock, Vector Clock is also a logical clock, which is used to assign timestamps for events in a distributed system. Vector clock also gives a partial ordering of the events.

### What is the difference between Lamport and vector clock?

Lamport clocks cannot tell us if a message was concurrent, and cannot be used to infer causality between events. Vector clocks are a more sophisticated variant which gives us more guarantees, including knowledge of concurrency & causal history.

**How the vector timestamps are assigned?**

As with Lamport’s algorithm, the element corresponding to the processor in the vector timestamp is incremented prior to attaching a timestamp to an event. If a process P0 has four sequential events, a, b, c, d, they would get vector timestamps of (1,0,0), (2, 0, 0), (3, 0, 0), (4, 0, 0).

**How do you compare Vector Clocks?**

Comparing vector timestamps Vectors are compared by comparing their values element by element. That is, we compare the values of P0, then P1, etc. Two vector timestamps are equal if each corresponding element of one vector is the same as the other.

## What is the advantage of vector clock over Lamport clock?

Vector Clocks represent an extension of Lamport Timestamps in that they guarantee the strong clock consistency condition which (additionally to the clock consistency condition) dictates that if one event’s clock comes before another’s, then that event comes before the other, i.e., it is a two-way condition.

**Are Vector Clocks strongly consistent?**

The system of vector clocks is strongly consistent; thus, by examining the vector timestamp of two events, we can determine if the events are causally related.

**How do you compare vector clocks?**

### How are vector timestamps compared?

**What is the difference between logical and physical clocks?**

Question 856 : The difference between logical and physical clocks? Physical clocks measure the time of day and Logical clocks are used to mark relationships among events in a distributed system. Both measures the time of day.

**What is the disadvantage of vector clock?**

Disadvantages of vector clock: The main disadvantage of vector clock is that they are not being constant in size.

## Which event is concurrent with the vector clock?

Q. | Which event is concurrent with the vectorclock (2, 8, 4)? |
---|---|

B. | (3,8,4) |

C. | (1,7,3) |

D. | (4,8,2) |

AnswerÂ» d. (4,8,2) |

**What are different types of clock in distributed system?**

There are 2 types of clock synchronization algorithms: Centralized and Distributed. Centralized is the one in which a time server is used as a reference. The single time server propagates its time to the nodes and all the nodes adjust the time accordingly.

**What are the advantages of vector clock over Lamport’s logical clocks?**

### Why do we need logical clocks?

A logical clock is a mechanism for capturing chronological and causal relationships in a distributed system. Distributed systems may have no physically synchronous global clock, so a logical clock allows global ordering on events from different processes in such systems.

**What is the main limitation of vector clocks?**

The main disadvantage of vector clock is that they are not being constant in size.

**What are the limitations of Lamport’s clock?**

Limitations of Lamport’s Logical Clocks

- Lamport’s logical clocks lead to a situation where all events in a distributed system are totally ordered. That is, if -> , then we can say C ( a ) < C ( b ) .
- Unfortunately, with Lamport’s clocks, nothing can be said about the actual time of a and b.

## What is the advantage of a vector clock over Lamport’s logical clock?

**What is necessity of logical clock?**

**Are vector clocks strongly consistent?**